Lindy Effect

Originating from patterns noted at Lindy’s restaurant in New York, the Lindy Effect theorizes that the future lifespan of enduring entities, such as ideas, correlates with their current age. This concept offers a perspective on understanding persistence across various domains, from literature to technology.


The Lindy Effect posits that the future life expectancy of non-perishable entities, such as technologies or ideas, is proportional to their current age. It’s a probabilistic framework for predicting longevity based on past endurance.

Etymology and Origin

  • Lindy’s Legacy: The term “Lindy” originates from Lindy’s restaurant in New York City. Here, it was observed that comedians with longer careers were likely to continue performing, which drew a parallel to the endurance of non-perishable things in general.
  • Academic Foundations: While Benoit Mandelbrot introduced a related concept in the context of financial markets, it was Nassim Nicholas Taleb in “Antifragile” who deeply explored and popularized the Lindy Effect in its broader applications.


  • Relevant to non-perishable entities like ideas, technologies, and specific information. This distinction is vital as the Lindy Effect evaluates endurance without biological or physical decay factors.
  • Inapplicable to perishable entities, such as humans and physical goods.

Core Principles

  • Time as a Filter: An entity’s duration is indicative of its resilience and adaptability to challenges.
  • Reverse Survivorship Bias: Unlike common survivorship bias which focuses on successes, the Lindy Effect emphasizes that enduring entities have inherent qualities that contribute to their survival. For example, long-standing businesses often possess robust models or practices.


  • Books: Classic literature, such as “Pride and Prejudice”, endures due to its timeless relevance and quality, making it more likely to remain influential than a fleeting bestseller.
  • Technologies: Enduring technologies, like the wheel, demonstrate adaptability and fundamental utility, in contrast to more transient tech innovations that might be replaced by newer solutions.

Related Concepts

  • Antifragility: Refers to systems that grow stronger from challenges. The Lindy Effect can be perceived as a facet of antifragility, where entities not only resist shocks but potentially benefit from them.
  • Evolutionary Processes: In nature, traits that offer advantages persist across generations. Similarly, non-perishable entities that provide value or have beneficial characteristics prove their worth over time.

Limitations and Boundaries

  • Probabilistic, Not Deterministic: The Lindy Effect suggests likelihoods rather than certainties. Just because something has endured doesn’t guarantee its continued existence.
  • Environmental Susceptibility: Despite an entity’s track record, sudden environmental or paradigm shifts can disrupt its trajectory.
  • Bias Awareness: The Lindy Effect can act as a countermeasure to biases, reminding us that new doesn’t necessarily equate to better, and enduring value often lies in the tested and proven.