Tag: Cognitive Psychology

  • NLP – Neuro-Linguistic Programming

    NLP – Neuro-Linguistic Programming

    Originating in the 1970s, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) posits that altering language and perception can change behaviors and outcomes. Applied across various fields such as therapy and business, it focuses on replicating successful behaviors for personal growth, engaging with how language shapes our experiences.

  • Availability Cascade

    Availability Cascade

    In an Availability Cascade, beliefs become widely accepted through frequent public repetition. This phenomenon, crucial in shaping public discourse, is driven by psychological factors and media influence, extending its reach beyond cultural limits.

  • Limits of Language (Wittgenstein)

    Limits of Language (Wittgenstein)

    Ludwig Wittgenstein, a significant 20th-century philosopher, explored language’s role in shaping perceived reality. His works, from “Tractatus” to “Philosophical Investigations,” marked a paradigm shift, viewing language as dynamic and contextually driven, profoundly influencing philosophy, logic, and psychology.

  • Gaslighting

    Gaslighting

    Gaslighting, a deliberate form of manipulation, leads individuals to doubt their own perceptions and memory, often causing significant psychological distress. It occurs in various contexts, from personal relationships to societal interactions, characterized by its gradual, deceptive nature and resulting in emotional and cognitive impacts on the victim.

  • Nudging

    Nudging

    Nudge theory, developed by Thaler and Sunstein, utilizes subtle cues to influence decision-making, applied in fields like public policy and health. It operates on the principle that small environmental or informational adjustments can significantly impact behavior, prioritizing ethical application and individual autonomy.

  • Demystification

    Demystification

    Demystification, rooted in Enlightenment values, involves clarifying obscure subjects through rational explanations. Applied across various fields, it emphasizes analytical approaches and factual evidence to enhance understanding and challenge established beliefs.

  • Oversimplification

    Oversimplification

    Oversimplification reduces intricate ideas to basic summaries, potentially obscuring important details and fostering generalizations that might mislead, often affecting both the individual understanding and broader public discourse.

  • Cognitive Dissonance

    Cognitive Dissonance

    The term cognitive dissonance describes mental tension experienced when holding contradictory beliefs. To relieve this unease, individuals often modify their attitudes or gather supportive information. The theory’s principles have broad applications, from decision-making to public policy.

  • Zugzwang

    Zugzwang

    In chess, Zugzwang captures the paradox where moving worsens a player’s position, but inaction isn’t an option. This strategic conundrum, rooted in German terminology, also metaphorically frames challenging decisions in broader contexts, including business and international relations.