Tag: Confirmation Bias

  • Availability Cascade

    Availability Cascade

    In an Availability Cascade, beliefs become widely accepted through frequent public repetition. This phenomenon, crucial in shaping public discourse, is driven by psychological factors and media influence, extending its reach beyond cultural limits.

  • Perception is Projection

    Perception is Projection

    The principle of “Perception is Projection” emphasizes that personal beliefs and experiences shape one’s interpretation of the external world. Drawing from foundational psychological theories, especially those of Carl Jung, it highlights the intertwined relationship between inner states and outward perceptions.

  • DARVO

    DARVO

    Originating in the 1990s from Dr. Jennifer J. Freyd’s studies, DARVO encapsulates a sequence: Deny, Attack, and Reverse Victim and Offender. This framework describes how those facing accusations often evade responsibility, challenge their accusers, and recast themselves as the wronged party.

  • Cognitive Dissonance

    Cognitive Dissonance

    The term cognitive dissonance describes mental tension experienced when holding contradictory beliefs. To relieve this unease, individuals often modify their attitudes or gather supportive information. The theory’s principles have broad applications, from decision-making to public policy.

  • WYSIATI – What You See Is All There Is

    WYSIATI – What You See Is All There Is

    The principle of WYSIATI highlights humanity’s propensity to draw conclusions from visible data while neglecting what might be omitted. Originally identified by Daniel Kahneman, this cognitive bias has significant ramifications across various fields, from politics to finance.

  • Cognitive Bias

    Cognitive Bias

    Cognitive biases, prevalent yet often unnoticed, shape decision-making processes. These systematic thinking errors—confirmation bias, hindsight bias, and more—affect individual choices, societal views, and interpersonal relationships. Strategies for minimizing their influence are part of a complex cognitive landscape.

  • Steel-manning

    Steel-manning

    Steel-manning is a debate technique where one strengthens an opposing argument before addressing it, promoting understanding and intellectual honesty. It enhances critical thinking and encourages productive debate, though it can unintentionally amplify harmful ideas.

  • Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect

    Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect

    The Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect is a phenomenon where individuals trust media information despite recognizing its inaccuracies in their areas of expertise. This cognitive bias underscores the importance of critical thinking and media literacy.