Tag: Ecological Niches
In the realm of biology, facultative adaptation refers to short-term, reversible changes organisms exhibit when faced with specific environmental signals. This adaptability distinguishes them from more permanent genetic modifications.
In the realm of evolution, character displacement describes how closely related species differentiate to reduce competition within shared environments. This phenomenon, seen in diverse species like Galápagos finches, emerges chiefly from the challenges of resource competition and niche definition.
Punctuated Equilibrium, introduced by Gould and Eldredge in 1972, proposes that species evolution features long periods of stability, punctuated by brief, rapid changes. Supported by fossil record patterns, it contrasts with traditional views of continuous, gradual evolution and has influenced multiple academic fields.