Tag: Financial Regulation
In complete markets, every possible outcome has a corresponding financial instrument, facilitating total risk mitigation. This environment is free of arbitrage and optimally processes market information. Nonetheless, achieving perfect market completeness is often elusive in practice.
Cashing out is the conversion of an investment or business ownership stake into liquid assets, driven by motives like profit realization or risk management. This process, encompassing diverse strategies, is subject to various financial, legal, and emotional considerations. Its consequences, like increased liquidity or potential profit loss, necessitate careful planning and possible professional guidance.
Moral hazard refers to situations where a party takes on riskier behavior because they’re shielded from the consequences. It often occurs in insurance, finance, and healthcare, potentially leading to market inefficiencies and higher costs. Strategies exist to mitigate it.